While in-service training programmes attempt to make up the backlog, and some are succeeding in achieving small learning gains, they cannot fully compensate for the lack of teacher skills resulting from poor initial teacher education and generally unskilled matriculants. Therefore, good-quality basic education is one of the non-negotiables, as higher or tertiary education needs sound primary and secondary education to build on. The latest results available, from the National School Effectiveness Study, which tests numeracy and literacy, show that South Africa’s mean scores for literacy in grade three and grade four were 19% and 27% respectively. These are unprecedented times, and the role of media to tell and record the story of South Africa as it develops is more important than ever. Initial teacher education is intensive and teachers exit the programmes with high levels of subject and pedagogical knowledge. For this to be possible, it is crucial to get the foundation phase right. Half of all South African pupils who attended school for five years can’t do basic calculations. The gap in test scores between … But one idea has recently generated particular interest among education departments, statutory bodies, and academia – the introduction of “teacher professional standards”. At the same time, management standards must be considered carefully. This allows for competitive entry requirements for teacher education programmes, which in turn allows for rigorous and challenging courses. Given its vicious cycle, management standards may be more likely than professional standards in South Africa. However, the poor quality of education remains a constant theme in South Africa. The end of school is therefore the beginning of higher education. Consequently, their learners do very poorly and teaching is perceived as a low status career. Teacher education programmes are therefore in general unable to reliably attract high quality graduates, and so tend to be less demanding. Their talents and abilities remain underdeveloped and their economic opportunities remain limited. Counting was slow across Uganda as a result of the internet shutdown, which affected some of the biometric machines used to validate voter registrations. Mathematics teaching in South Africa was of poor quality, with teachers lacking knowledge of the Mathematics curriculum they taught, Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga said on Monday. There are many excellent teachers who are hungry for opportunities to develop in ways that nurture autonomy and collegiality. There remains a significant gap in education standards between rich and poor communities. Research into the value of teacher standards for South Africa warns that this approach could serve to de-professionalise the country’s teaching force if not approached carefully. Standards are used to manage teachers, and to protect students from the worst educators through supervisory surveillance and control. Such aspirations are encapsulated in the belief that the rich intellectual heritage derived from the accumulation of human capital is not only crucial for individual progression but is also vital for long-term economic growth and development. This has been identified as a cause of the poor quality of South African education. SA’s alternate education universes – a teacher’s inside view. There are standards that professionalise teaching and standards that simply manage teachers. © 2021 BizNews, Inc. | The Rational Perspective, Here’s how CEOs and school principals can fix SA education. The emphasis in the new curriculum after 1996 in South Africa was placed on the transition from the traditional aims and objectives approach to Outcomes-based education (OBE) and Curriculum 2005. All material © Mail & Guardian Online. Education should provide a way out of the poverty trap, but the ability of the South African education system to act as a reliable conduit for children out of poverty has been limited. Read also: SA’s alternate education universes – a teacher’s inside view. This clearly shows that South Africa is not getting the expected rate of return on its investment in education. Listen to the story of Cyril Ramaphosa's rise to presidential power, narrated by our very own Alec Hogg. ... South Africa– Blue Sky Publications (Pty) Ltd T/A TheSouthAfrican Number: 2005/028472/07. For instance, South Africa has the worst education system of all middle-income countries that participate in cross-national assessments of educational achievement. The means score for numeracy in these grades in other countries were 28% and 35% respectively. This has been identified as a cause of the poor quality of South African education. Read also: Here’s how CEOs and school principals can fix SA education The Mail & Guardian is a proud news publisher with roots stretching back 35 years, and we’ve survived right from day one thanks to the support of readers who value fiercely independent journalism that is beholden to no-one. A comparison with other developing countries brings little joy. Inequalities in education quality also constrain the ability of many pupils to access and complete university education, thus preventing them from participating meaningfully in the labour market. South Africa … While there is no magic bullet to fix the quality of education in South Asia, the report identifies a few key strategic priorities. This, in turn, alienates the best school graduates who frankly have better career options. It was stimulated by the view that higher expectations for student learning could be accomplished only by higher expectations of teaching quality. As a result, existing skills deficiencies among those who are the product of an underperforming school system (predominantly black youth) are likely to … The results show that 27% of our pupils who have attended school for six years cannot read, compared with 4% in Tanzania and 19% in Zimbabwe. The effect of food insecurity on education is partially addressed in South Africa through the government’s National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP). In a virtuous schooling cycle, such as Finland, education is a desirable career choice for top graduates. Of the 15 education systems that participated in the study, South Africa has the third highest proportion of functionally illiterate learners (27%), and the fifth highest proportion of functionally innumerate learners (40%). Higher Education in South Africa, on the other hand, has seen heavy investment and now competes on the world stage. Per capita, South Africa spends more on education than most advanced economies such as the United States and the United Kingdom, yet its primary education system was rated 126th out of 138 countries in the World Economic Forum 2016-2017 Global Competitiveness Report. In the South African context, teacher standards are a response to a lack of teacher accountability. The NSNP provides daily meals to … Eskom: Energy expert warns of electricity catastrophe in SA, Herman Mashaba: Finding jobs for thousands of…, South Africans have a constitutional right to take…, SASSA beneficiaries water blasted while Lindiwe Zulu…. The National Lottery Commission is being investigated by the SIU for alleged corruption and maladministration, including suspicious payments made to senior NLC employees between 2016 and 2017, South African schools have yet to open for the 2021 academic year and experts are sounding the alarm over lost learning time, especially in the crucial grades one and 12, The new US administration has an interest and much expertise in Africa. This casts doubt on the ability of the South … While standards which professionalise create cultures of collegiality, expertise and pride among teachers, standards that manage can leave them feeling brow-beaten, untrusted, and demotivated. 2. incre… It is widely accepted that most of Africa’s education and training programs suffer from low-quality teaching and learning, as well as inequalities and exclusion at all levels. Therefore, there are other factors that are key to underachievement in basic education outcomes. At the same time, it’s calculated that 10% of the country’s teachers are absent from school each day, while research found that 79% of South African Grade 6 mathematics teachers were classified as having content knowledge levels below the level at which they were teaching. In vicious schooling cycles governments take it upon themselves to hold teachers accountable. This, in turn, produces high quality teachers who improve learner outcomes. In South Africa, the advent of democracy triggered significant reforms to the management, governance, curriculum redesign and restructuring, and funding of education. Despite increased education spending and enrollment levels, South Africa continues to be considered one of the worst education systems in the world. Read also: Here’s how CEOs and school principals can fix SA education. The quality of a nation’s teachers cannot be divorced from the quality of its learners exiting schools. Educational inequalities in South Sudan can be attributed to a number of factors. Public schools in peri-urban and rural areas make up 75% of the schooling system in South Africa – populated by poor black children mostly – and continue to be overcrowded, under-resourced and downright dysfunctional. Angry SAs speak: The alcohol ban is economic murder! The state justified its actions by saying that it was protecting the rights of children to education while also mitigating the effects of poverty experienced in the children’s homes. The harder issue, which arises in the international milieu and in South Africa too, is the centrality of improving the quality of education. When this happens, teacher morale drops. please consider taking out a subscription, Biography coming soon. Quality of Education in South Africa. Various international studies attest to the poor quality of our education system. THE RECENTLY released World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Competitiveness Report 2014 on South Africa’s education crisis raises serious concerns of threats to … © 2021 BizNews, Inc. | The Rational PerspectiveTerms & ConditionsComments Policy. A number of studies showed … Poor education also reduces the earning potential and career mobility of those who do get jobs – and limits the competitiveness of South African businesses. image caption There are an estimated 12 million children in school in South Africa While access to education has been universally granted to each child in South Africa, the quality of the education has not been guaranteed, particularly for black children. This is because successive cohorts of learners progress through school, enter university as student teachers, and graduate as teachers where they nurture the next cohort through the cycle. Prior to 2009, these two departments were represented in a single Department of Education. While they may prevent the worst teaching, they’re unlikely to create the professional culture that promotes the best teaching and attracts the best candidates. As a result, their learners perform well and the school system enjoys a high level of public esteem. It also should be a time of deep reflection of our educational system. Those without matric have poor skills and few work-relevant competencies struggle to enter a labour market that demands highly skilled workers. The country’s poor education system also results in inequalities in the returns on skills, unemployment, low labour productivity and low labour income in the self-employed informal sector… Unequal educational attainment is evident in the labour market because the large unemployment burden is disproportionately carried by young people. South Africa spends more than 6% of GDP on education, which is higher than the OECD average of 4.5%, and schools in poor areas get more government money than schools in richer areas. The vicious cycle repeats itself. 2. Review of international literature While there is a general consensus that investment in human capital is good both for growth This is because few of them attain a university entrance pass and even fewer qualify to pursue degrees in the fields of mathematics and engineering, where most of the opportunities exist. Teachers instead enjoy professional autonomy; they are trusted in key decisions about their teaching and professional development. But introducing teacher standards in South Africa also comes with a caveat. Enhancing the equity, effectiveness and efficiency of resource use across the education system; Increasing the managerial, administrative and technical capacity of the national and provincial bureaucracies; Increasing teacher content knowledge and teaching skills; Introducing entrepreneurship learning within the education system; and. And as this international expert outlines below, our system in SA is completely hamstrung by the quality of teachers on board. These include inefficiencies and the quality of teachers (knowledge content), among others. Therefore, the failure of South Africa’s education system has had an intense effect on the economy. The first is the poor quality of maths education, a good maths pass in matric being a key marker in determining access to the middle class. Previous studies have shown that the low quality of education offered to the poor eventually becomes a poverty trap.12 Thus one can say that poor children in South Africa, who make up the majority, are starting behind and staying behind. Figure 1 shows the proportions of functionally illiterate grade 6 … JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — Since 1989, UNICEF has recognized the right of every child to equal and quality education. 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